The use of fossil fuels in China continued to grow in 2019. The annual production of raw coal reached 3,750 million tons, a 4.2% year-on-year increase, and the import of raw coal increased to 300 million tons, a 6.3% increase compared to 2018. Natural gas production increased by 9.8% and the import of natural gas increased by 6.9%. The domestic oil production increased by 0.8% in 2019 to 190 million tons, while the import of oil grew by 9.5% to 510 million tons.
After a significant increase of 8.5% in China’s electricity consumption in 2018, the growth slowed in 2019. China’s total electricity consumption grew 4.5% in 2019 and reached 7,225 TWh.
By the end of 2019, China had a total installed capacity of 2,011 GW, a 5.8% year-on-year increase, of which 40.8% is non-fossil fuel. The country added 111 GW of new capacity, with 92% connected to the grid.10 Wind power increased by 26 GW up to 210 GW (in 2018 new installations amounted to 20 GW). Solar power capacity increased by 30 GW up to 200 GW in total (in 2018 new installations amounted to 45 GW).
In 2019, the power sector in China generated 7,330 TWh, up 4.7% compared to 2018 (this figure includes own consumption at the power plants). The share of non-fossil fuel power reached 32.6%, a year-on-year increase of 1.7 percentage points. The nuclear and non-hydro renewable power grew more rapidly compared to coal, gas, and hydro power, and this is the key to achieve the 2020 non-fossil fuel target. Solar power production increased by 26.5%, biomass power by 20.4% and wind power by 10.9%. The utilization hours of solar power increased by 55 hours to 1,285 hours, while they dropped for coal, gas, nuclear and wind, which brought the national average down by 54 hours to 3,825 hours.